MSHA Part 48 Subpart B Surface Mining Initial

This course covers inital mining regulations for surface mining, the avoidance of hazards at surface mines, and emergency response procedures.

Beginner, Intermediate, and Advanced
Course Length: 4 Hours

What you'll learn

  • Introduction to 30 CFR Part 48, Subpart B, Surface Mining New Miner Safety Training
  • Miners’ Rights and Responsibilities
  • Introduction to the Work Environment
  • Transportation and Communication
  • Health and Safety
  • Structural Hazards
  • Equipment Hazards
  • Fire and Explosion Hazards
  • Electrical Hazards
  • Atmospheric Hazards
  • Physical Hazards
  • Hazard Recognition and Avoidance
  • Emergency Procedures and First Aid

Course Description

This course presents an overview of the requirements for the initial training of new surface miners at underground mines. These MSHA requirements can be found in Title 30 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 48, Subpart B. The course covers some basic mining regulations for surface mining, as well as the recognition and avoidance of hazards at surface mines, emergency response procedures, and miners’ rights and responsibilities.

The MSHA Part 48 Subpart B Surface Mining initial training course consists of content, graphics, audio, self-check questions, and a final exam.

Course Outline

MSHA Part 48 Subpart B Surface Mining Initial Course Outline

About This Course

Course Objectives

Introduction to 30 CFR Part 48, Subpart B, Surface Mining New Miner Safety Training

  • Federal Mine Safety and Health Act of 1977
  • Key Terms
  • 30 CFR Part 48, Subpart B Training Requirements
  • Minimum Courses of Instruction
  • Additional Training-New Tasks
  • Additional Training-Annual Refresher
  • Additional Training-Site-specific Hazard Awareness Training
  • Recordkeeping and Training Compensation

Miners’ Rights and Responsibilities

  • Miners’ Rights-Overview
  • Right to Protection Against Discrimination
  • Protected Activities
  • Reporting Discriminatory Conduct
  • Right to Request an Inspection
  • Making A Complaint
  • Right to Be Represented or Participate in Inspections
  • Procedures for Nominating a Representative
  • Responsibilities of the Miners’ Representative
  • Participating in Inspections
  • Right to Pay During a Withdrawal Order
  • Right to Be Informed of and Participate in Enforcement Proceedings
  • Right to Receive Health and Safety Training
  • 30 CFR 48 Training Rights
  • Right to Health Protection
  • Rights Relating to New and Revised Standards or Regulations
  • Petitioning for Modifications to Safety Standards or Regulations
  • Right to Information
  • Responsibilities of Miners and Supervisors-Overview
  • Miner Responsibilities
  • Supervisor Responsibilities
  • Line of Authority

Introduction to the Work Environment

  • Types of Surface Mines
  • Strip Mining
  • Open Pit Mining/li>
  • Mountaintop Removal Mining
  • Surface Mining Development
  • Common Surface Mining Tasks
  • Leveling
  • Drilling
  • Blasting
  • Removing Overburden
  • Dumping
  • Backfilling
  • Extracting
  • Transporting
  • Reclaiming
  • Mine-specific Work Environment

Transportation and Communication

  • Transportation Hazards
  • Blind Spots
  • Blind Spot Accident Prevention
  • Seatbelts
  • Transportation of People
  • Traffic Signs and Warning Signals
  • Mine Communication
  • Entering and Leaving the Mine

Health and Safety

Structural Hazards

  • High Walls
  • Walls and Benches
  • Falls, Slips, and Trips

Equipment Hazards

  • Belt Conveyors
  • Welding and Cutting Equipment
  • Surface Powered Haulage Equipment
  • Hand Tools-Slate Bars
  • Hand Tools-Hammers
  • Pinch Points
  • Machinery Maintenance
  • Equipment Inspections
  • Equipment Repair Guidelines

Fire and Explosion Hazards

  • Fire Control and Prevention
  • Explosives
  • Storage of Explosive Material

Electrical Hazards

  • Electric Shock
  • Arc Flash
  • Burns
  • Batteries
  • Power Lines
  • Additional Electrical Hazards
  • Electrical Hazard Analysis
  • Electrical Safety
  • Lockout/Tagout (LOTO)
  • Electrical Requirements at Surface Mines

Atmospheric Hazards

  • Oxygen-deficient Atmosphere
  • Flammable Atmosphere
  • Toxic Atmosphere
  • Dust
  • Dust Control
  • Gases
  • Gas Sampling
  • Diesel Exhaust
  • Respiratory Protection
  • Health Effects of Atmospheric Hazards
  • Black Lung
  • Respiratory Protection Program
  • Respiratory Protection Equipment
  • Respirator Components
  • Types of Respirators

Physical Hazards

  • Heat Stress
  • Noise Exposure
  • Noise Intensity and Maximum Daily Exposure
  • Noise Exposure Levels
  • Noise Exposure Troubleshooting
  • Hearing Conservation Program
  • Types of Hearing Protection
  • Vibration
  • Ergonomics
  • Housekeeping and Sanitation

Hazard Recognition and Avoidance

  • Risk Assessment
  • SLAM-Risk Management for Miners
  • SMART-Risk Management for Operators
  • Controls
  • Engineering Controls
  • Administrative Controls
  • Personal Protective Equipment Controls
  • Types of Personal Protective Equipment
  • Surface Mine Inspections
  • Hazard Reporting
  • The Mine Act
  • Dirty Dozen
  • Hazard Communication Program

Emergency Procedures and First Aid

  • Emergency Response Plans
  • Rescue Operations
  • Self-Rescue Devices
  • Mine Map
  • First Aid


Additional Resources


Frequently Asked Questions

Who must take this training?

New miners and newly hired experienced miners must receive training BEFORE they begin work at the mine.

How often is retraining or recertification required?

Many hazards are present at a surface mine site, and understanding those hazards is critical to your safety and the safety of your fellow miners. Accordingly, MSHA requires 24 hours of new miner training for new miners and eight hours of refresher training for experienced miners after each year of mining. When a miner completes new miner training, and before he or she is assigned to work duties, the miner must demonstrate through oral, written, or practical methods that he or she has successfully completed this training and understands the material covered. A newly employed miner with less than 12 months of mining experience, and who has received new miner training within 36 months prior to his or her employment at the mine, does not have to repeat this training. Before the miner starts work, however, the employer must provide the miner with experienced miner training and, if applicable, new task training. The operator must also provide the miner with annual refresher training and additional new task training when necessary throughout the miner’s employment.

What are the governing regulations?

This course presents an overview of the U.S. Department of Labor’s (DOL) Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) New Miner Training for MSHA Part 48 training requirements. The mine operator must provide task and site-specific training in addition to the topics covered herein.

Navigation Strategies

Beginners: Complete the course in order from beginning to end. Once any topic is completed, you will have full access to it at any time for one year after registration, to use as a resource.

Intermediate/Advanced Users: Use the course as a flexible resource tool to find what you need, whenever you need it. Try the assessment tests first, if you get 80%+ you can move to the next level, if you get less than 80% you should complete the lecture. This gives you a pre and post-assessment score, which can be used to track your skills improvements.

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